The natural lens in the eye gradually becomes less clear as we get older. When opacities develop in the lens and the lens gets too hazy, vision will be impaired. Our office can diagnose and manage cataract care. When the cataract affects the vision to the extent that you cannot read or see distant objects comfortably, we will recommend cataract surgery. Our office co-manages with cataract specialists that are proven experts in cataract surgery. Cataract surgery can provide you with a bright new world of vision.


Glaucoma gradually destroys the optic nerve tissue in the back of the eye. The greatest danger of glaucoma stems from the fact that the disease is painless and without obvious symptoms until significant damage has occurred. The most common cause is from pressure being too high inside the eye, but vascular disease and other diseases can also cause glaucoma. We always monitor for glaucoma during routine eye examinations. Tests include checking the pressure of the eye, screening for peripheral vision defects and analyzing the appearance of the optic nerve. If you are diagnosed with glaucoma, we typically prescribe medications that lower the eye pressure. Most forms of glaucoma are successfully treated with eye drops. Laser treatments and eye surgery are secondary treatments that offer alternative ways to treat more advanced glaucoma.


Diabetic patients should have a dilated retinal examination each year. Laser treatments have proven to slow the progression of retinal eye disease for many patients. Diabetes often stimulates the growth of new blood vessels in the back of the eye, which ultimately leak and damage the retina. If this condition is discovered early, laser treatment can destroy these vessels. We have the latest instruments used to detect changes in the back of the eye. If we discover advancing diabetic eye disease that can be treated or needs further evaluation, we will refer you for consultation and further testing to a board certified retinal specialist.

Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is related to age. As you get older, you begin to lose your central vision, things start to get fuzzy or wavy, and colors begin to be less vibrant or saturated. The macula is an area on your retina that gives you your central, clearest vision. Over time, the macula becomes thinner and stops working properly.

There are two types of macular degeneration: “Wet” (which is uncommon) and “Dry.” There is no cure for dry AMD, but doctors believe there is a link between dry AMD and nutrition. Various diets favoring low-fat content, dark green leafy vegetables, and certain vitamins may slow vision loss.

Wet AMD is less common,  and occurs when fluids leak under the macula and blur central vision. If it’s detected quickly, it can be treated and cured with lasers (called photocoagulation). The laser seals the leaking vessels and prevents the issue from recurring.

Age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of severe vision loss in adults over 50. If you have any concerns about your own vision, we will be happy to help diagnose the issue and make recommendations.

Dry Eyes

Dry Eyes: Symptoms include scratchy eyes, burning, mild redness and gritty feeling eyes. Oral medications, reading, computer tasks and dry environments may aggravate marginally dry eyes. Dry eyes can be diagnosed by using dyes to observe tear patterns, evaluation of the amount of tears on the front of the eye and from review of your symptoms. Treatment may include artificial tears; eye drops for treating allergies; and/or punctal plugs inserted in the tear drainage canals.

Further Education

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